Week 5: Discussion Capstone Essay

Week 5: Discussion Capstone Essay

Week 5: Discussion Capstone

Topic 2 Chronic Diseases

            According to the Florida Department Of Health Division of Public Health Statistics and Performance Management, the two main chronic conditions affecting the people of Fort Pierce, Florida are heart disease and cancer (Roth et al., 2020). St. Lucie County Chronic Disease Profile as of 2020 reported that 5.8% of the adults were diagnosed with coronary heart disease and 7.2% with heart attack, whereas 9.4% of women above the age of 40 years were diagnosed with breast cancer, and 4.3% with cervical cancer (Westrick et al., 2020). The majority of the population in this area are between the age of 18 to 64 years and have an increased prevalence of heart disease and cancer.


Some of the risk factors for cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack and coronary heart disease include high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, physical inactivity, obesity, unhealthy diet, excessive consumption of alcohol, smoking, high-stress levels, and family history of heart disease. Adults in Florida were reported to display increased rates of smoking and alcohol consumption as a result of increased stress levels especially during the Covid-19 pandemic, which can be considered as a contributing factor to the increased prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (Roth et al., 2020). Consequently, the majority of community members in this region also display unhealthy lifestyle habits such as consumption of fast food and a sedentary lifestyle.

            Additionally, Florida has been reported to have the second-highest cancer burden in the United States (Westrick et al., 2020). In 2011, the number of deaths as a result of cancer in this region surpassed that of heart disease. The high prevalence of cancer in this region has been attributed to unhealthy lifestyle habits such as smoking, poor diet, lack of physical activity, and obesity as reported by the National Cancer Institute.

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Roth, G. A., Mensah, G. A., Johnson, C. O., Addolorato, G., Ammirati, E., Baddour, L. M., … & GBD-NHLBI-JACC Global Burden of Cardiovascular Diseases Writing Group. (2020). Global burden of cardiovascular diseases and risk factors, 1990–2019: update from the GBD 2019 study. Journal of the American College of Cardiology76(25), 2982-3021. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2020.11.010.

Westrick, A., Schlumbrecht, M., Hlaing, W. M., Kobetz, E. K., Feaster, D., & Balise, R. (2020). Racial and ethnic disparities in the overall survival of women with epithelial ovarian cancer in Florida, 2001–2015. Cancer Causes & Control31(4), 333-340. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10552-020-01276-2

Week 5 Discussion

The discussion assignment provides a forum for discussing relevant topics for this week on the basis of the course competencies covered. For this assignment, make sure you post your initial response to the Discussion Area by the due date assigned and complete your participation for this assignment by Day 7. To support your work, use your course and text readings and also use resources from the South University Online Library.

As in all assignments, cite your sources in your work and provide references for the citations in APA format. Support your work, using your course lectures and textbook readings. Helpful APA guides and resources are available in the South University Online Library. Below are guides that are located in the library and can be accessed and downloaded via the South University Online Citation Resources: APA Style page. The American Psychological Association website also provides detailed guidance on formatting, citations, and references at APA Style.
• APA Citation Helper
• APA Citations Quick Sheet
• APA-Style Formatting Guidelines for a Written Essay
• Basic Essay Template
Begin reviewing and replying to peer postings/responses early in the week to enhance peer discussion. See the rubric for participation points. Participate in the discussion by asking a question, providing a statement of clarification, providing viewpoints with a rationale, challenging aspects of the discussion, or indicating relationships between two or more lines of reasoning in the discussion. Always use constructive language, even in criticism, to work toward the goal of positive progress.


Post your initial response to one of the two topics below.

Topic 1 Epidemiological Issues

What epidemiological issues did you find in your community?
What differentiates these as epidemiological issues vs. individual issues? For example, hypertension in the African American population is an epidemiological issue, but in the Caucasian population, it is an individual issue.
Topic 2 Chronic Diseases

Discuss the top two chronic diseases seen in adults in your area.
Justify responses with resources.

My local area is Fort Pierce, Florida. This should be the area of focus for this assignment.

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