NURS-FPX4060 Assessment 3: Disaster Recovery Plan Transcript

NURS-FPX4060 Assessment 3: Disaster Recovery Plan Transcript

NURS-FPX4060 Assessment 3: Disaster Recovery Plan Transcript

Welcome to this presentation describing the disaster recovery plan. Generally, disasters are unfortunate events interfering with regular operations in an area. The derailment of the oil tanker at Valley City perfectly illustrates what disasters entail. Most disasters, like the derailment, are natural, although some, like bomb blasts, are artificial. In any case, the magnitude of outcomes depends on what governments, communities, health care organizations do after the disaster. A disaster recovery plan is essential to mitigate the damage. It should outline what should be done immediately after a disaster and post-disaster efforts. The purpose of this presentation is to discuss a recovery plan for the Villa Health community to ensure that people do not suffer like experienced after the derailment.

Proposed Disaster Recovery Plan

The poor handling of the derailment at Valley City Regional Hospital shows the importance of an elaborate plan detailing what to do when disasters occur. After the derailment, health care providers worked without a specific plan for handling casualties. There was no structure, and the management did not coordinate with first responders as required. With the risk of tornadoes in Valley City high, a disaster recovery plan is essential to avoid the shortcomings experienced. An elaborate plan outlining responsibilities and tasks will ensure that issues like the lack of triage and confusion in the emergency are not experienced again. It will also prevent a high workload that can lead to physical and mental exhaustion.

Key Components of the Proposed Plan

The plan recommends that the hospital’s management interface directly with first responders if a disaster occurs. The same should be extended at the community level to ensure that all victims are assisted according to the magnitude of their needs. First responders include the fire department, police and sheriff’s departments, and emergency medical technicians. Triage is crucial during disasters to allocate limited resources depending on victims’ needs (Ghanbari et al., 2021). It promotes the principle of effective management of resources during major emergencies. Applying it will do away with the first-come, first-served approach and ensure that emergencies and special needs victims are prioritized.

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Key Components Continued

After a disaster, not all people requiring medical services and social support get them. Trace mapping ensures that everyone struck by a disaster is traced and helped accordingly. As the recovery plan recommends, activities during trace-mapping include identifying and interviewing victims about their experiences and challenges. Makwana (2019) described life-changing and traumatizing events like disasters as a leading cause of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). As a result, the victims’ level of need will be assessed, and they will be connected with appropriate assistance. Post-disaster efforts include mental health support and connecting victims with support groups. The government should also collect the victims’ data and put them under a special program.

Determinants of Health, Cultural, Social, and Economic Barriers

Many factors, independently or jointly, hamper health, safety, and disaster recovery efforts. As a social determinant of health, education affects how people understand health, safety, and their approaches to remain healthy and safe from safety risks and disasters. The level of education is directly proportional to the awareness level, which profoundly determines how people react, cooperate with responders, and seek assistance during a disaster. Access to health care resources determines how long people take before getting appropriate help. Religious and cultural factors influence people’s choices of caregivers, perception of diseases, disasters, and healing. Political leadership shapes health resources in an area and the physical environment determine the movement of crucial resources during disasters. People suffer more if an area is inaccessible.


Lessening Health Disparities and Improving Access to Community Services

Despite people sharing the same geographical boundaries, access to community services is never the same. Discrimination during a disaster can have profound consequences since it is a critical time when community and health care organizations’ resources require fair distribution. The plan will help to lessen health disparities since it is need-based. It strives to ensure that people likely to miss services during disasters are prioritized. It also lessens health disparities by including immediate and post-disaster interventions. In this case, people likely to experience mental health problems are not neglected. The plan involves key health and community partners such as the police and the government to improve access to community services. The need-based approach implies that the plan is not discriminative.

Guiding Principles

Besides engaging influential partners, the plan follows the social justice and cultural sensitivity principles. From a health dimension, social justice means providing equal health care services for individuals irrespective of their characteristics (Habibzadeh et al., 2021). In response, the plan ensures that all people get equal opportunity, regardless of age, ethnicity, and social class. Secondly, the plan ensures that vulnerable groups are assisted appropriately and are not discriminated against in any way. Such groups include the homeless, immigrant workers, and the elderly with complex health conditions. A language translator has also been recommended during trace-mapping to ensure everyone’s needs are assessed and proper intervention is given.

Impacts of Health and Governmental Policy

One way to understand how health and governmental policy impact disaster recovery efforts is by examining the Federal government’s interventions through the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). When communities and leaders seek the Federal government’s support, FEMA organizes recovery efforts under the National Response Framework (U.S. Department of the Interior, n.d.). FEMA further controls the efforts and recovery that occur concurrently with the emergency response activities. Operating under FEMA’s policy implies working to meet its objectives, including restoring, redeveloping, and revitalizing communities where a disaster strikes (U.S. Department of the Interior, n.d.). Health policies determine how to share resources during emergencies. The key objective is to ensure effective management of limited resources.

Overcoming Communication Barriers and Enhancing Interprofessional Collaboration

Communication during a disaster should be instant and guide teams to make correct decisions. Strategies applied should enhance understanding as governments, community leaders, and health care professionals work together to assist the victims. During trace mapping, language interpreters will be involved to ensure that the needs of immigrants with limited English comprehension are understood. Communication technologies increase communication speed and enable teams to communicate via a single platform. For instance, the team involved can conduct Zoom meetings to discuss critical matters and progress. Centralized communication should be encouraged hence the need to communicate through team leaders. Timely communication and instant feedback should also dominate communication to improve disaster recovery efforts.


To conclude this presentation, let me highlight the main points as discussed. Disasters are unfortunate events that ruin places, lives, and communities. They can occur at any time. Whether natural or artificial, disasters need effective control to mitigate their damage. As a result, a disaster recovery plan is essential and should primarily include guidelines to address the needs of the victims. A comprehensive disaster recovery plan should also include immediate and post-disaster recovery efforts. Such efforts include mental health support to reduce the risk of PTSD. Since teams must work together towards a shared goal, timely communication is necessary to promote interprofessional collaboration.


Ghanbari, V., Ardalan, A., Zareiyan, A., Nejati, A., Hanfling, D., Bagheri, A., & Rostamnia, L. (2021). Fair prioritization of casualties in disaster triage: A qualitative study. BMC Emergency Medicine21(1), 1-9.

Habibzadeh, H., Jasemi, M., & Hosseinzadegan, F. (2021). Social justice in health system; a neglected component of academic nursing education: A qualitative study. BMC Nursing20(1), 1-9.

Makwana, N. (2019). Disaster and its impact on mental health: A narrative review. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care8(10), 3090–3095.

U.S. Department of the Interior. (n.d.). Natural disaster response and recovery.


• Develop a disaster recovery plan to lessen health disparities and improve access to community services after a disaster. Then, develop and record a 10-12 slide presentation (please refer to the PowerPoint tutorial) of the plan with audio and speaker notes for the Vila Health system, city officials, and the disaster relief team.
Every 10 years, The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion release information on health indicators, public health issues, and current trends. At the end of 2020, Healthy People 2030 was released to provide information for the next 10 years. Healthy People 2030 provides the most updated content when it comes to prioritizing public health issues; however, there are historical contents that offer a better understanding of some topics. Disaster preparedness is addressed in Healthy People 2030, but a more robust understanding of MAP-IT, triage, and recovery efforts is found in Healthy People 2020. For this reason, you will find references to both Healthy People 2020 and Healthy People 2030 in this course.
Complete the following:
13. Develop a disaster recovery plan for the Vila Health community that will lessen health disparities and improve access to services after a disaster. Refer back to the Vila Health: Disaster Recovery Scenario to understand the Vila Health community.
o Assess community needs.
o Consider resources, personnel, budget, and community makeup.
o Identify the people accountable for implementation of the plan and describe their roles.
o Focus on specific Healthy People 2020 goals and 2030 objectives.
o Include a timeline for the recovery effort.
14. Apply the MAP-IT (Mobilize, Assess, Plan, Implement, Track) framework to guide the development of your plan:
o Mobilize collaborative partners.
o Assess community needs.
o Use the demographic data and specifics related to the disaster to identify the needs of the community and develop a recovery plan. Consider physical, emotional, cultural, and financial needs of the entire community.
o Include in your plan the equitable allocation of services for the diverse community.
o Apply the triage classification to provide a rationale for those who may have been injured during the train derailment. Provide support for your position.
o Include in your plan contact tracing of the homeless, disabled, displaced community members, migrant workers, and those who have hearing impairment or English as a second language in the event of severe tornadoes.
o Plan to lessen health disparities and improve access to services.
o Implement a plan to reach Healthy People 2020 goals and 2030 objectives.
o Track and trace-map community progress.
o Use the CDC’s Contract Tracing Resources for Health Departments as a template to create your contact tracing.
o Describe the plan for contact tracing during the disaster and recovery phase.
15. Develop a slide presentation of your disaster recovery plan with an audio recording of you presenting your assessment of the Vila Health: Disaster Recovery Scenario for city officials and the disaster relief team. Be sure to also include speaker notes.
Presentation Format and Length
You may use Microsoft PowerPoint (preferred) or other suitable presentation software to create your slides and add your voice-over along with speaker notes. If you elect to use an application other than PowerPoint, check with your instructor to avoid potential file compatibility issues.
Be sure that your slide deck includes the following slides:
• Title slide.
o Recovery plan title.
o Your name.
o Date.
o Course number and title.
• References (at the end of your presentation).
Your slide deck should consist of 10-12 content slides plus title and references slides. Use the speaker’s notes section of each slide to develop your talking points and cite your sources as appropriate. Be sure to also include a transcript that matches your recorded voice-over. The transcript can be submitted on a separate Word document. Make sure to review the Microsoft PowerPoint tutorial for directions.
The following resources will help you create and deliver an effective presentation:
• Record a Slide Show With Narration and Slide Timings.
o This Microsoft article provides steps for recording slide shows in different

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