Culture and Caring Theories Essay

Culture and Caring Theories Essay

Culture and Caring Theories Essay

Jean Watson’s theory of human caring mostly resonates with my psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner (PMHNP) practice.  The theory explains that nursing entails disease prevention, health promotion, caring for the sick, and health restoration (Nikfarid et al., 2018).  Watson proposed that holistic health care is fundamental to caring in nursing practice.  Besides, Watson argued that caring in nursing restores life energies and increases individuals’ capabilities.

Watson’s theory integrates the nursing paradigm through the concept of human being, health, environment/society, and nursing.  Nikfarid et al. (2018) point out that the Watson theory places a great emphasis on a caring and healing environment, which can be offered by a nurse.  Watson defines a person as a being whose wholeness is worthy and deserves to be respected, assisted, and cared for.  The internal and external elements that can assist an individual in actualizing their inner power of self-healing are termed the environment.

Health promotion and disease prevention are elements of the Watson theory that I identify with.  As a PMHNP, I will have a role in promoting mental health and helping individuals in the community to prevent mental health diseases.  As a result, I understand that I will need to apply the scientific research process of assessment, planning, intervention, and evaluation in promoting health and preventing diseases (Pajnkihar et al., 2018).  A PMHNP has the role of assessing and identifying mental health concerns in the population they serve, reviewing the health problem, and developing a plan that will guide the health promotion and disease prevention plan.  Watson’s theory helps to meet CLAS standards to advance health equity by focusing on nursing care that is responsive to a patient’s values, religion, norms, and culture.  This type of caring behavior by nurses contributes to patient satisfaction and improves their well-being (Pajnkihar et al., 2018).


Nikfarid, L., Hekmat, N., Vedad, A., & Rajabi, A. (2018). The main nursing metaparadigm concepts in human caring theory and Persian mysticism: a comparative study. Journal of medical ethics and history of medicine11, 6.

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Pajnkihar, M., Štiglic, G., & Vrbnjak, D. (2018). The concept of Watson’s carative factors in nursing and their (dis)harmony with patient satisfaction. PeerJ5, e2940.


Preparing the Assignment
Which of the culture and caring theories most resonates with you for your practice as an NP? How does the theory integrate the nursing paradigm?  What parts of the theory do you identify with? How does the theory help to meet CLAS standards to advance health equity?


Discussion Criteria

  1. Application of Course Knowledge: The student post contributes unique perspectives or insights gleaned from personal experience or examples from the healthcare field. The student must accurately and fully discuss the topic for the week in addition to providing personal or professional examples. The student must completely answer the entire initial question.
  2. Engagement in Meaningful Dialogue: The student responds to a student peer and course faculty to further dialogue.
    • Peer Response: The student responds substantively to at least one topic-related post by a student peer. A substantive post adds content or insights or asks a question that will add to the learning experience and/or generate discussion.
      • A post of “I agree” with a repeat of the other student’s post does not count as a substantive post. A collection of shallow posts does not equal a substantive post.
      • The peer response must occur on a separate day from the initial posting.
      • The peer response must occur before Sunday, 11:59 p.m. MT.
    • Faculty Response: The student responds substantively to at least one question by course faculty. The faculty question may be directed to the student, to another student, or to the entire class.
        • A post of “I agree” with a repeat of the faculty’s post does not count as a substantive post. A collection of shallow posts does not equal a substantive post.
        • The faculty response must occur on a separate day from the initial posting.
  1. Integration of Evidence:The student post provides support from a minimum of one scholarly in-text citation with a matching reference andassigned readings or online lessons, per discussion topic per week.
    • What is a scholarly resource? A scholarly resource is one that comes from a professional, peer-reviewed publication (e.g., journals and government reports such as those from the FDA or CDC).
      • Contains references for sources cited
      • Written by a professional or scholar in the field and indicates credentials of the author(s)
      • Is no more than 5 years old for clinical or research articles
    • What is not considered a scholarly resource?
      • Newspaper articles and layperson literature (e.g., Readers Digest, Healthy Life Magazine, Food, and Fitness)
      • Information from Wikipedia  or any wiki
      • Textbooks
      • Website homepages
      • The weekly lesson
      • Articles in healthcare and nursing-oriented trade magazines, such as Nursing Made Incredibly Easy and RNMagazine (Source: What is a scholarly article.docx; Created 06/09 CK/CL  Revised: 02/17/11,  09/02/11  nlh/clm)
    • Can the lesson for the week be used as a scholarly source?
      • Information from the weekly lesson can be cited in a posting; however, it is not to be the sole source used in the post.
    • Are resources provided from CU acceptable sources (e.g., the readings for the week)?
      • Not as a sole source within the post. The textbook and/or assigned (required) articles for the week can be used, but another outside source must be cited for full credit. Textbooks are not considered scholarly sources for the purpose of discussions.
    • Are websites acceptable as scholarly resources for discussions?
      • Yes, if they are documents or data cited from credible websites. Credible websites usually end in .gov or .edu; however, some .org sites that belong to professional associations (e.g., American Heart Association, National League for Nursing, American Diabetes Association) are also considered credible websites. Websites ending with .com are not to be used as scholarly resources.
  1. Professionalism in Communication: The post presents information in logical, meaningful, and understandable sequence, and is clearly relevant to the discussion topic. Grammar, spelling, and/or punctuation are accurate.
  2. Wednesday Participation Requirement: The student provides a substantive response to the graded discussion question(s) or topic(s), posted by the course faculty (not a response to a peer), by Wednesday, 11:59 p.m. MT of each week.
  3. Total Participation Requirement: The student provides at least three substantive posts (one to the initial question or topic, one to a student peer, and one to a faculty question) on two different days during the week.



Category Points % Description
Application of Course Knowledge:


20 27 Answers the initial discussion question(s)/topic(s), demonstrating knowledge and understanding of the concepts for the week.


Engagement in Meaningful Dialogue With Peers and Faculty


20 27 Responds to a student peer and course faculty furthering the dialogue by providing more information and clarification, adding depth to the conversation
Integration of Evidence 20 27 Assigned readings or online lesson and at least one outside scholarly source are included. The scholarly source is:

1) evidence-based, 2) scholarly in nature, 3) published within the last 5 years

      Total CONTENT Points= [60 pts]
Category Points % Description
Grammar and Communication 8 10 Presents information using clear and concise language in an organized manner
Reference Citation 7 9 References have complete information as required by APA

In-text citations included for all references  and references included for all in-text citation

      Total FORMAT Points= [15 pts]
      DISCUSSION TOTAL= 75 points


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