Pediatric Obesity Prevention Strategies

Pediatric Obesity Prevention Strategies

Introduction

Obesity is a health condition that bothers many people around the world regardless of their gender, age, and ethnicity. When an adult patient is obese, much attention is paid to his or her style of life and health-related decisions that were made. When obesity changes the life of a child, it is necessary to clarify who should take responsibility. The number of obese children grows, proving the need for new approaches and investigations.

Cut 15% OFF your first order
We’ll deliver a custom Healthy Nutrition paper tailored to your requirements with a good discount
Use discount
322 specialists online

ORDER A PLAGIARISM – FREE PAPER NOW

Physical education, nutrition environments, school health services, and family (caregiver) engagement are used to prevent and control obesity in pediatric patients. Focusing on these areas can help children and their families to achieve a healthy weight and promote a proper understanding of obesity and its outcomes. In this final project, the analysis of an anti-obesity intervention that includes physical exercises, diet, education, and monitoring sessions will be developed regarding the chosen search strategy, evidence, practices, and outcomes. Pediatric Obesity Prevention Strategies

The Spirit of Inquiry Ignited

Pediatric obesity is a serious public health concern in the United States. Despite multiple methods used to prevent and control the condition that puts millions of children and adolescents at risk of having poor health and suffering from a decreased quality of life, its prevalence remains high. According to the latest investigations of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2018), approximately 18.5% of American children and adolescents (13.7 million) are defined as obese or overweight. They include13.9% of children aged between two and five years, 20.6% of children aged between six and eleven years, and 20.6% of children aged between 12 and 19 years (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2018).

Children, as well as their parents and other caregivers, pay much attention to the ways of improving their health and avoid dangerous obesity-related complications. The creation of various school-based programs and interventions with healthy diets, physical exercises, and family health nurse education turn out to be good solutions for the population. However, in the majority of cases, these decisions are used separately for specific groups, so the decision to combine the activities is made in some cases.

The PICOT Question Formulated

In obese school-aged children younger than 15 (P), is a school-based exercise program, healthy diet, family health nurse education 3 times a week, and monitoring sessions for children and parents (I) compared with an exercise program in school and healthy diet alone (C) more effective in reducing BMI and decreasing weight (O) at the end of the school year (T)? Pediatric Obesity Prevention Strategies

Search Strategy Conducted

Several research tools were chosen to develop an effective search strategy and answer the PICOT. CINAHL, PubMed, Cochrane Library, the National Guidelines Clearinghouse, and TRIP Database were the major sources of information in this investigation. They were scanned for such keywords as childhood obesity, exercise intervention for schools, and change in BMI. The guidelines on how to control and prevent depression in children relying on school-based interventions should be chosen. The studies of I and III levels of evidence were found to support the discussion. Various study designs were approved as appropriate for answering and supporting the PICOT, including a randomized control trial, a meta-analysis, a systematic review, and several interventions with specific independent and dependent variables.

Critical Appraisal of the Evidence Performed

Several critical appraisal checklists were used to evaluate the studies, their validity, and practical application. A research worksheet was developed to identify available research tools and search terms. Then, the evidence synthesis table where the population, intervention, comparison, outcomes, and time were analyzed, and an evaluation table was created. Bogart et al. (2016) described the results of a randomized control trial where overweight and obese students from Los Angeles schools participated. The intervention consisted of the promotion of school-wide food environmental changes, posters with physical education, and healthy eating practices to reduce BMI levels.

On-Time Delivery!
Get your customized and 100% plagiarism-free paper done in as little as 3 hours
Let’s start
322 specialists online

It was a III level of evidence study with certain positive results to be achieved. The same evidence was defined in the study by Knight, Cole, Dodd, and Oakley (2017), who offered the Eating Good and Moving Like We Should (EGMLWS) nutrition intervention that also included physical sessions and education. Pablos, Nebot, Vañó-Vicent, Ceca, and Elvira (2017) chose the same method of research and introduced practice for students from 5th and 6th grades in Spain in their intentions to reduce BMI levels and improve their health. These investigations supported the PICOT and contributed to the discussion.

There were also several studies with I level of evidence. For example, Mei et al. (2016) described the results of a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials where primary school children from different countries took a long-term school-based physical activity intervention to reduce their BMI. A systematic review by Verjans-Janssen, van de Kolk, van Kann, Kremers, and Gerards (2018) proved the effectiveness of the school-based intervention with parental involvement, physical activities, and nutrition behavior to reduce weight and control BMI. Pediatric Obesity Prevention Strategies

In all five studies, the authors prove that the combination of different practices has a positive effect on children’s health and weight control. Children who follow recommendations and participate in school-based activities achieved good results compared to the children who fail to do the same, lack parental involvement, and have a poor level of knowledge about obesity.

Evidence Integrated with Clinical Expertise and Patient Preferences to Inform a Decision and Practice Change Implemented

To achieve the desired reduction of BMI levels in pediatric patients, a school-based exercise program has to be developed not only for one particular phase but for several practices. Parents may support their children and control their eating and behavioral preferences at home. Still, the information that children obtain in schools or other academic facilities also plays an important role in their understanding of health issues. In this project, the intervention for implementation consists of four main elements – a physical exercise program at school, a healthy diet, education three times per week, and a monitoring session for children and their parents.

Informed consent should be given by parents to prove their (and their children’s) voluntary participation in the study. Regarding the findings by Verjans-Janssen et al. (2018) or Pablos et al. (2017), the number of participants may vary from 100 to 1500. In this case, 100 children aged between five and fifteen years from several local schools will be invited. Pre-test evaluation will include the participants’ answers to simple survey questions about their styles of life and healthy habits and the calculation of their current BMI. Then, the school-based intervention will be implemented, and it will last the next 12 months. Post-test evaluation will include the participants’ answers about health conditions and the calculations of BMI levels.

Get a custom-written paper
For only $13.00 $11/page you can get a custom-written academic paper according to your instructions
Let us help you
322 specialists online

Outcome Evaluated

One hundred obese and overweight children will participate in the program and express their attitudes towards the offered practices. The peculiar features of this intervention are the location (not at home or a hospital but at school) and parental participation. Children and their parents will answer several questions and share their awareness of the effectiveness of healthy diets, education, and physical exercises.

Evaluations should help clarify whether the school-based program could have a positive impact on participants’ health, particularly BMI reduction in particular. At first, children and parents will introduce their background knowledge about obesity and the necessity to control their weight. Secondly, children will directly participate in a number of activities. Finally, they can calculate their BMI and identify the most effective steps.

Parental involvement is an important factor because parents, as well as children, should be educated by a family health nurse and take specific monitoring sessions. The reduction of BMI to 20-30% is expected within the next 12 months among the children who take exercises, keep to a healthy diet, visit a family health nurse three times per week, and monitor their weight. Pediatric Obesity Prevention Strategies

Project Dissemination

This project will be evaluated by a teacher and presented in class. Peer feedback on forums is another approach to discuss the intervention and gather opinions. This study will be introduced to the public during a regional conference to be approved for further publication and practical application. The school-based program that includes physical training, education, healthy eating, and monitoring sessions should become standard practice for treating obese children or preventing overweight in school-aged children. Pediatric and family health nurses must use this plan of work to support their patients and avoid obesity-related complications.

Conclusion

In general, pediatric obesity is a common health problem for many nations. Parents try to help their children and follow various recommendations to decrease weight and choose a healthy lifestyle. Schools, in their turn, continue developing new programs and education sessions to improve the level of knowledge about obesity and its risks among children and their families. This project introduces an intervention that consists of school-based physical exercises, diets, education, and monitoring to prove that combined activities are effective in preventing obesity and reducing BMI. Regular training sessions and education contribute to understanding the threats of obesity in childhood.

References

Bogart, L. M., Elliott, M. N., Cowgill, B. O., Klein, D. J., Hawes-Dawson, J., Uyeda, K., & Schuster, M. A. (2016). Two-year BMI outcomes from a school-based intervention for nutrition and exercise: A randomized trial. Pediatrics137(5), e20152493. Web.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018). Childhood obesity facts. Web.

Knight, K. B., Cole, J. W., Dodd, L. M., & Oakley, C. B. (2017). Effects of a school-based intervention on BMI z-scores and fitness parameters in Mississippi delta children. International Journal of School Health4(3), e13793. Web.

Mei, H., Xiong, Y., Xie, S., Guo, S., Li, Y., Guo, B., & Zhang, J. (2016). The impact of long-term school-based physical activity interventions on body mass index of primary school children – A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. BMC Public Health16(1), 205-217.

Pablos, A., Nebot, V., Vañó-Vicent, V., Ceca, D., & Elvira, L. (2017). Effectiveness of a school-based program focusing on diet and health habits taught through physical exercise. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism43(4), 331-337.

Verjans-Janssen, S. R., van de Kolk, I., van Kann, D. H., Kremers, S. P., & Gerards, S. M. (2018). Effectiveness of school-based physical activity and nutrition interventions with direct parental involvement on children’s BMI and energy balance-related behaviors – A systematic review. PloS One13(9), e0204560. Web. Pediatric Obesity Prevention Strategies

What Will You Get?

We provide professional writing services to help you score straight A’s by submitting custom written assignments that mirror your guidelines.

Premium Quality

Get result-oriented writing and never worry about grades anymore. We follow the highest quality standards to make sure that you get perfect assignments.

Experienced Writers

Our writers have experience in dealing with papers of every educational level. You can surely rely on the expertise of our qualified professionals.

On-Time Delivery

Your deadline is our threshold for success and we take it very seriously. We make sure you receive your papers before your predefined time.

24/7 Customer Support

Someone from our customer support team is always here to respond to your questions. So, hit us up if you have got any ambiguity or concern.

Complete Confidentiality

Sit back and relax while we help you out with writing your papers. We have an ultimate policy for keeping your personal and order-related details a secret.

Authentic Sources

We assure you that your document will be thoroughly checked for plagiarism and grammatical errors as we use highly authentic and licit sources.

Moneyback Guarantee

Still reluctant about placing an order? Our 100% Moneyback Guarantee backs you up on rare occasions where you aren’t satisfied with the writing.

Order Tracking

You don’t have to wait for an update for hours; you can track the progress of your order any time you want. We share the status after each step.

image

Areas of Expertise

Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.

Areas of Expertise

Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.

image

Trusted Partner of 9650+ Students for Writing

From brainstorming your paper's outline to perfecting its grammar, we perform every step carefully to make your paper worthy of A grade.

Preferred Writer

Hire your preferred writer anytime. Simply specify if you want your preferred expert to write your paper and we’ll make that happen.

Grammar Check Report

Get an elaborate and authentic grammar check report with your work to have the grammar goodness sealed in your document.

One Page Summary

You can purchase this feature if you want our writers to sum up your paper in the form of a concise and well-articulated summary.

Plagiarism Report

You don’t have to worry about plagiarism anymore. Get a plagiarism report to certify the uniqueness of your work.

Free Features $66FREE

  • Most Qualified Writer $10FREE
  • Plagiarism Scan Report $10FREE
  • Unlimited Revisions $08FREE
  • Paper Formatting $05FREE
  • Cover Page $05FREE
  • Referencing & Bibliography $10FREE
  • Dedicated User Area $08FREE
  • 24/7 Order Tracking $05FREE
  • Periodic Email Alerts $05FREE
image

Our Services

Join us for the best experience while seeking writing assistance in your college life. A good grade is all you need to boost up your academic excellence and we are all about it.

  • On-time Delivery
  • 24/7 Order Tracking
  • Access to Authentic Sources
Academic Writing

We create perfect papers according to the guidelines.

Professional Editing

We seamlessly edit out errors from your papers.

Thorough Proofreading

We thoroughly read your final draft to identify errors.

image

Delegate Your Challenging Writing Tasks to Experienced Professionals

Work with ultimate peace of mind because we ensure that your academic work is our responsibility and your grades are a top concern for us!

Check Out Our Sample Work

Dedication. Quality. Commitment. Punctuality

[display_samples]

It May Not Be Much, but It’s Honest Work!

Here is what we have achieved so far. These numbers are evidence that we go the extra mile to make your college journey successful.

0+

Happy Clients

0+

Words Written This Week

0+

Ongoing Orders

0%

Customer Satisfaction Rate
image

Process as Fine as Brewed Coffee

We have the most intuitive and minimalistic process so that you can easily place an order. Just follow a few steps to unlock success.

See How We Helped 9000+ Students Achieve Success

image

We Analyze Your Problem and Offer Customized Writing

We understand your guidelines first before delivering any writing service. You can discuss your writing needs and we will have them evaluated by our dedicated team.

  • Clear elicitation of your requirements.
  • Customized writing as per your needs.

We Mirror Your Guidelines to Deliver Quality Services

We write your papers in a standardized way. We complete your work in such a way that it turns out to be a perfect description of your guidelines.

  • Proactive analysis of your writing.
  • Active communication to understand requirements.
image
image

We Handle Your Writing Tasks to Ensure Excellent Grades

We promise you excellent grades and academic excellence that you always longed for. Our writers stay in touch with you via email.

  • Thorough research and analysis for every order.
  • Deliverance of reliable writing service to improve your grades.
Place an Order Start Chat Now
image