Legislation comparison grid and testimony/advocacy statement Essay

 Legislation comparison grid and testimony/advocacy statement Essay

Legislation comparison grid and testimony/advocacy statement Essay

The emergence of infectious diseases and situations like the COVID-19 pandemic and their effects implore healthcare providers and stakeholders to develop appropriate interventions using existing legislation passed by Congress. Congressional bills have the intent to develop frameworks for response to a host of health care issues that may emerge and have a substantial impact on public health. The purpose of this assignment is to select a proposed legislation in Congress, determine its intent, and possible proponents and opponents and target population, and offer an advocacy statement. The selected proposed bill is the Prevent Pandemics Act


Health-related Bill Name PREVENT Pandemics Act: Prepare for and Respond to Existing Viruses, Emerging New Threats, and Pandemics
Bill Number S. 3799
Description The Senate bill introduced and sponsored by Senior Senator for Washington, Patty Murray, looks at how the nation should prepare for and respond to existing as well as emerging new threats and pandemics like the COVID-19 pandemic. The bill has provisions that will ensure effective coordination and preparedness for dealing with public health emergencies like the COVID-19 and threats that will require more support from all stakeholders in healthcare.
Federal or State? Federal
Legislative Intent The legislative intent of the bill is to have mandated coordination and response to health emergencies. The consideration of the bill to ensure national preparedness and response framework is focused on improving efforts by different players at different levels for better coordination. The bill builds on discussions about the drafting of legislation that include aspects to establish an office in the White House to oversee preparedness and response to the pandemic, modernization, and strengthening of the medical supply chain, improvement in safety and security, and tackling foreign influences in biomedical research (Govtrack, 2022). The bill also intends to bolster public health and allied health workforces and improvement in blood supply collaborations during such times for effective response to pandemics and any viral threats and situations. The bill mandates Health and Human Services (HHS) to work collaboratively with the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality in identifying and developing quality tools and strategies in caring to people experiencing long-term COVID, and producing yearly reports to Congress concerning research on the emerging threats and pandemics that may impact public health. The bill also directs the HHS to public policy interventions that support research and development of medical countermeasures for effective preparedness against such pandemics. The implication is that the bill makes critical legislative proposals to ensure better and coordinated responses when pandemics strike at any moment.


Proponents/ Opponents Proponents:

The bill is currently sponsored by Senior Senator for Washington (Democrat) Further, during voting in Senate’s Health, education, labor, and Pensions (HELP) committee. The bill got 20 votes against 2 after it was amended by the members. The bill has also support from different bodies like the American Hospital Association (AHA) and the American Association of Medical Colleges (AAMC, 2022).



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Currently, only two opponents in the Senate have objected to the bill during the committee sessions. However, the bill has taken a bipartisan approach with much support from both sides of the political divide based on the effects of the COVID-19 and its handling during the Trump Administration. With hundreds of thousands of deaths from the COVID-19, the bill has received overwhelming support from professional associations and those opposed to it are yet to issue statements about its negative effects on healthcare provision.


Target Population The bill targets all people or the general public who are susceptible to emerging diseases and viral threats. The bill targets the entire health care system, the public and federal, and state health agencies and providers to enhance response to emerging infectious diseases and viral threats.


Status of the bill (Is it in hearings or committees? Is it receiving press coverage?) The bill is at the committee stage (HELP) Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions. The committee has been mandated to make any amendments and consider appropriate substitutes. However, the committee voted on the bill with a majority agreeing about the introduced amendments.


General Notes/Comments



The bill, S. 3799, is critical legislation that should be passed in a bipartisan manner to guarantee Americans better preparedness levels based on existing legal frameworks. Such responses and preparedness will help the country deal with the adverse effects of emerging pandemics like the COVID-19. The bill seeks to reduce the burden of diseases, especially emerging conditions, on healthcare, particularly when the country spends a substantial part of its GDP on healthcare without corresponding quality. The bill will encourage the implementation of different approaches to disasters, not just the response but also long-term management of such emergencies in a coordinated manner.


Part 2: Legislation Testimony/Advocacy Statement

The emerging reemerging infectious diseases are a major challenge to the healthcare sector and limited resources available despite the increased care demand. Zumla and Hui (2019) assert that new emerging and reemerging infectious diseases cause human suffering and loss. The emergency of COVID-19 in 2019 and other earlier outbreaks like the Ebola Virus Diseases and SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) and Zika virus require effective preparedness frameworks for national and even global health care systems to mitigate their adverse effects and burden on public health infrastructure. These diseases implore health care systems to develop robust and evidence-based interventions that will protect their population, frontline care providers, and those at the highest risk of disease contraction. Without proper response and preparedness mechanisms by different stakeholders, these conditions will continue to have a catastrophic social, economic, and cultural impact on society.

Preparedness includes having dedicated entities and organizations to enhance research, surveillance, and reporting as well as multifaceted coordination aimed at dealing with these conditions (Milstead & Short, 2019). The measures taken by different governments to contain the spread of COVID-19 have not had challenges as many individuals do not have sufficient access to information and interventions meant to reduce effects, especially long-term response (Spernovasilis et al., 2022). Therefore, the passage and enactment of this bill will be critical to bolstering efforts to deal with such pandemics in the future. Stakeholders in government have learned vital lessons aimed at containing the COVID-19 based on responses and measures like the restriction of movements, development of vaccines, and long-term surveillance to contain such events in the future. The bill will help and support all stakeholders to achieve these aspects and protect the population from such adversities.

The opponents of the bill should understand that preparedness is a critical aspect of responding to emerging and reemerging diseases. They should consider the need for public good as opposed to refusing to coordinate with other players for effective interventions to address public health concerns. The effects of the COVI-19 have been devastating and though everyone vital lessons. Therefore, opponents must consider these aspects to ensure that the public benefits from implementation of the bill.


The Senate bill, S. 3799, is a fundamental piece of legislation that if passed will constitute serious implications for healthcare providers and systems in general. The bill will offer a framework to deal with public health emergencies through effective preparedness, response, and management of such situations. The bill offers a chance to develop systems that will buttress the public, frontline care providers, and health system sufficient approaches, resources, and tools to deal with emerging and reemerging diseases that can cause outbreaks and pandemics with severe effects on different spheres of human activities, including health outcomes.


American Association of Medical Colleges (AAMC) (2022 March 18). Senate

HELP Committee Marks Up, Advances PREVENT Pandemics Act. https://www.aamc.org/advocacy-policy/washington-highlights/senate-help-committee-marks-advances-prevent-pandemics-act

American Hospital Association (AHA) (2022 March 15). Senate bill to strengthen

emergency medical preparedness clears committee. https://www.aha.org/news/headline/2022-03-15-senate-bill-strengthen-emergency-medical-preparedness-clears-committee

GovTrack: Congress (2022). S. 3799: PREVENT Pandemics Act.


Milstead, J. A., & Short, N. M. (2019). Health policy and politics: A nurse’s guide

            (6th ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Spernovasilis, N., Tsiodras, S., & Poulakou, G. (2022). Emerging and

Re-Emerging Infectious Diseases: Humankind’s Companions and Competitors. Microorganisms, 10(1), 98. DOI: 10.3390/microorganisms10010098

Zumla, A., & Hui, D. S. (2019). Emerging and reemerging infectious diseases: a

global overview. Infectious Disease Clinics, 33(4), xiii-xix.

DOI: 10.1016/j.idc.2019.09.001


Be sure to add a title page, an introduction, purpose statement, and a conclusion. This is an APA paper.

Part 1: Legislation Grid

Based on the health-related bill (proposed, not enacted) you selected, complete the Legislation Grid Template. Be sure to address the following:

Determine the legislative intent of the bill you have reviewed.
Identify the proponents/opponents of the bill.
Identify the target populations addressed by the bill.
Where in the process is the bill currently? Is it in hearings or committees?
Part 2: Legislation Testimony/Advocacy Statement

Based on the health-related bill you selected, develop a 1-page Legislation Testimony/Advocacy Statement that addresses the following:

Advocate a position for the bill you selected and write testimony in support of your position.
Describe how you would address the opponent to your position. Be specific and provide examples.
At least 2 outside resources and 2-3 course specific resources are used. THIS IS REGARDING the Affordable Care ACT. I do not care what stance is taken.

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