Assignment: Theories of career choices

Want create site? With you can do it easy.

Assignment: Theories of career choices

Assignment: Theories of career choices

Permalink:  ‎

Assignment: Functions of Theories of career choice and development

Person-Environment Congruence (PEC) Theories: Frank Parson, Theory of Work Adjustment, John Holland, a Values-Based Approach, and their Applications

The theories in this chapter are traditional theories

Once characterized as trait and factor theories because needs, values and personality types were derived via statistical techniques know as factor analysis.

Theories of career choice and development serve 3 functions:

Facilitate the understanding of the forces that influence career choice and development

Stimulate research that will help to better clarify career choice and the development process

Provide a guide to practice in the absence of empirical guidelines

John Holland created a hexagonal model that shows the relationship between the personality types and environments

Those whose career concerns appear to be limited to identifying a major, an occupation, a job, or leisure activities

Those who do not appear to have barriers to exploration and decision making, such as irrational beliefs, poor self-efficacy, poor self-concept or ineffective decision-making styles

Those who are in need of assistance at specific choice points (such as needing to declare a major, get a new job, or choose an occupation) but not long-term, developmental work

Holland’s approach is most appropriate for:

According to Holland, personality develops as a result of the interaction of

inherited characteristics

the activities to which the individual is exposed

and the interests and competencies that grow out of the activity

Holland posits the following personality types:

Realistic people deal with the environment in an objective, concrete and physically manipulative manner

Investigative people deal with the environment by using intellect—manipulating ideas, words and symbols.

Artistic individuals deal with the environment by creating art forms and products.

Social people deal with the environment by using skills to interact with and relate to others.

Enterprising people cope with the environment by expressing adventurous, dominant, enthusiastic and impulsive qualities.

Conventional people deal with the environment by choosing goals and activities that carry social approval.

Holland’s Theory of Types

Step 1

Gaining Self – Understanding

Assess a person’s ability, interests, values, and personality by examining six types.

Step 2

Obtaining Knowledge about the World of Work

Holland’s six categories provide a means for classifying and learning about occupations (the environment).

Step 3

Integrating Information about Self and the World of Work


Some people may resemble one Holland Type, whereas others may be quite

undifferentiated and have interests and competencies across all 6 types


The closer the types are to each other on the chart, the more consistent their


Theory of Work Adjustment (TWA) (Dawis and colleagues)

This model first describes the person’s (worker’s) characteristics followed by a description of the work environment’s characteristics. The third part deals with the result of the interaction between the person and work environment

The major value of TWA for career practitioners is to gain a better understanding of the interaction between workers and their place of employment

Not widely practiced because of its complexity

Person Characteristics

Three types of abilities:

Visual acuity—speed and perception of detail

Cognitive –comprehension, memory and reasoning with words and numbers

3. Motor or psychomotor—dexterity, speed, eye-hand coordination.

Maintenance and Adjustment

Once person takes job, correspondence between work and the work environment begins. The worker responds to demands of workplace with what Dawis terms:

Celerity (quickness of responding)

Pace (intensity of response)

Rhythm (pattern of response)

Endurance (duration of response)

The result of this process is varying degrees of job satisfaction

Basic Assumptions of TWA

People have 2 types of needs

Biological (or survival)

Psychological (social acceptance)

2nd assumption is that work environments have “requirements” that are analogous to the needs of individuals.

When the needs of individuals in an environment (work) and those of the environment are satisfied, correspondence exists.



Minnesota Importance Questionnaire

Minnesota Job Description Questionnaire

Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire

Minnesota Satisfactoriness Scales


Beliefs that are experienced by the individual as standards of how he or she should function

2 types of values:

Cultural and role related

Norms are a group’s counterpart of an individual’s values. Work groups develop norms (standards of behavior)

Norms have 2 dimensions: public and private

Some research has indicated that cultural values seem to be more prevalent in some racial and ethnic groups than in others.

Contrast the impact of culture, family, and neighborhood on career choices of the following groups:

a. Average middle class, American family

b. Urban single parent, low income family

c. Recent Asian American immigrant family

d. Wealthy suburban professional family

e. African American youth (middle class)

f. Native American woman (rural)

g. Recent Mexican American immigrant (undocumented)

Did you find apk for android? You can find new and apps.

What Will You Get?

We provide professional writing services to help you score straight A’s by submitting custom written assignments that mirror your guidelines.

Premium Quality

Get result-oriented writing and never worry about grades anymore. We follow the highest quality standards to make sure that you get perfect assignments.

Experienced Writers

Our writers have experience in dealing with papers of every educational level. You can surely rely on the expertise of our qualified professionals.

On-Time Delivery

Your deadline is our threshold for success and we take it very seriously. We make sure you receive your papers before your predefined time.

24/7 Customer Support

Someone from our customer support team is always here to respond to your questions. So, hit us up if you have got any ambiguity or concern.

Complete Confidentiality

Sit back and relax while we help you out with writing your papers. We have an ultimate policy for keeping your personal and order-related details a secret.

Authentic Sources

We assure you that your document will be thoroughly checked for plagiarism and grammatical errors as we use highly authentic and licit sources.

Moneyback Guarantee

Still reluctant about placing an order? Our 100% Moneyback Guarantee backs you up on rare occasions where you aren’t satisfied with the writing.

Order Tracking

You don’t have to wait for an update for hours; you can track the progress of your order any time you want. We share the status after each step.


Areas of Expertise

Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.

Areas of Expertise

Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.


Trusted Partner of 9650+ Students for Writing

From brainstorming your paper's outline to perfecting its grammar, we perform every step carefully to make your paper worthy of A grade.

Preferred Writer

Hire your preferred writer anytime. Simply specify if you want your preferred expert to write your paper and we’ll make that happen.

Grammar Check Report

Get an elaborate and authentic grammar check report with your work to have the grammar goodness sealed in your document.

One Page Summary

You can purchase this feature if you want our writers to sum up your paper in the form of a concise and well-articulated summary.

Plagiarism Report

You don’t have to worry about plagiarism anymore. Get a plagiarism report to certify the uniqueness of your work.

Free Features $66FREE

  • Most Qualified Writer $10FREE
  • Plagiarism Scan Report $10FREE
  • Unlimited Revisions $08FREE
  • Paper Formatting $05FREE
  • Cover Page $05FREE
  • Referencing & Bibliography $10FREE
  • Dedicated User Area $08FREE
  • 24/7 Order Tracking $05FREE
  • Periodic Email Alerts $05FREE

Our Services

Join us for the best experience while seeking writing assistance in your college life. A good grade is all you need to boost up your academic excellence and we are all about it.

  • On-time Delivery
  • 24/7 Order Tracking
  • Access to Authentic Sources
Academic Writing

We create perfect papers according to the guidelines.

Professional Editing

We seamlessly edit out errors from your papers.

Thorough Proofreading

We thoroughly read your final draft to identify errors.


Delegate Your Challenging Writing Tasks to Experienced Professionals

Work with ultimate peace of mind because we ensure that your academic work is our responsibility and your grades are a top concern for us!

Check Out Our Sample Work

Dedication. Quality. Commitment. Punctuality


It May Not Be Much, but It’s Honest Work!

Here is what we have achieved so far. These numbers are evidence that we go the extra mile to make your college journey successful.


Happy Clients


Words Written This Week


Ongoing Orders


Customer Satisfaction Rate

Process as Fine as Brewed Coffee

We have the most intuitive and minimalistic process so that you can easily place an order. Just follow a few steps to unlock success.

See How We Helped 9000+ Students Achieve Success


We Analyze Your Problem and Offer Customized Writing

We understand your guidelines first before delivering any writing service. You can discuss your writing needs and we will have them evaluated by our dedicated team.

  • Clear elicitation of your requirements.
  • Customized writing as per your needs.

We Mirror Your Guidelines to Deliver Quality Services

We write your papers in a standardized way. We complete your work in such a way that it turns out to be a perfect description of your guidelines.

  • Proactive analysis of your writing.
  • Active communication to understand requirements.

We Handle Your Writing Tasks to Ensure Excellent Grades

We promise you excellent grades and academic excellence that you always longed for. Our writers stay in touch with you via email.

  • Thorough research and analysis for every order.
  • Deliverance of reliable writing service to improve your grades.
Place an Order Start Chat Now